The main objective for creating a municipal reserve is to protect the area against agricultural expansion, extensive farming, deforestation, and mining operations and prevent the extraction of natural resources.
The reserve contains a very important biodiversity. This year, Sustainable Bolivia has been working on an inventory of the species that live in the reserve in order to raise awareness locally and internationally on the treasures it has and that must be protected. This is a work in progress and many species have to be discovered yet.
Preliminary birding efforts this year have yielded more than 300 resident bird species recorded within an hour from the main Pisatahua lodge, including several important first registers for the Beni Department. With the help of volunteers and internatin researchers, we hope to add more species to the list – we estimate there are more than 350 in total. Our avifauna includes the threatened Masked Antpitta (Hylopezus auricularis – a rare endemic species classified as vulnerable by IUNC (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and recorded at several distinct locales inside the reserve) and the threatened White-throated Toucan, as well as 4 species of large Ara macaws.
Aquicuana abounds with insects. Among them are butterflies. The Biblis hyperia red stripe is very widespread with a wingspan of 51 to 76 millimeters. Its hind wings are very scalloped. The upper part of its wings is dark brown and the back part has a red stripe. The back of the wings is lighter brown with a pink band.
The Morpho Deidamia also abounds in the reserve. It is notable for its size ranging from 150 to 170 millimeters. Its anterior wings have concave edges and the upper part of the male’s wings is blue with a black basal stripe. The blue part can have several widths until it is a narrow line. In the female, the upper part of the wings is brown decorated with a blue stripe. The reverse is brown decorated with a line of black ocelli surrounded by yellow.
Thanks to the water points of the reserve, some reptiles such as the caiman can be observed. You can also find famous snakes of the jungle like the anaconda.
Today, 40 species of frogs that live in the reserve have been recorded. We can mention the “Green frog” Phyllomedusa camba. It can measure up to 83 millimeters and is known for its slowness and difficulty in jumping. It is easily recognized by its beautiful green color. We can also mention the pipe frog Pipa or Common Suriname toad. The male has the peculiarity of calling the females making noise with a bone from his mouth. It does not have a song similar to the other frogs.